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Resilience-Informed Family Law:
Building Parenting Plans on Systemic Strengths

(c) Benjamin D. Garber, Ph.D.
6-8 June, 2018

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The Association of Family and Conciliation Courts
55th Annual Conference
"Compassionate Family Court Systems"
Washington, D.C.

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Who we are
About Dr. Garber
Keeping Kids Out Of The Middle
 Keeping families out of court
How do you take care of yourself?

Keeping Kids Out of the Middle

Developmental Psychology For Family Law

Holding Tight/Letting Go

These materials are provided for educational purposes only.
Please do not distribute or allow persons not enrolled in the seminar to access this page.

Resources and citations  in order of appearance
(use CNTRL + F to search this page for keywords)

Access the PowerPoint handout via DropBox

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Trauma-informed or Resilience-informed?
Citations in the order of appearance:

Elliott, D. E., Bjelajac, P., Fallot, R. D., Markoff, L. S., & Reed, B. G. (2005). Trauma-informed or trauma-denied: Principles and implementation of trauma-informed services for women. Journal of Community Psychology, 33, 461–477.

Branson, C. E., Baetz, C. L., Horwitz, S. M., & Hoagwood, K. E. (2017). Trauma-informed juvenile justice systems: A systematic review of definitions and core components. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 9(6), p. 637

Guidelines for examining intimate partner violence. AFCC (2016)
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Thompson, N. J., Fiorillo, D., Rothbaum, B. O., Ressler, K. J., & Michopoulos, V. (2018). Coping strategies as mediators in relation to resilience and posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Affective Disorders, 225, p. 153.

Guidelines for court-involved therapy. AFCC (2010)
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An excellent history of the concept of trauma:
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American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author, p. 265.

Hobfoll, Stevan; Norris, Fran; Weine, Stevan; Bonanno, George (Nov 2012). 1-3. International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ISTSS).

Bonanno, G. A. (2004). Loss, Trauma, and Human Resilience: Have We Underestimated the Human Capacity to Thrive After Extremely Aversive Events? American Psychologist, 59(1), 20-28.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2014). SAMHSA’s concept of trauma and guidance for a trauma-informed approach. HHS Publication No. (SMA) 14 – 4884. Rockville, MD.

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Diamond, R. M., & Lebow, J. L. (2016). Reattribution and narrative change. In G. R. Weeks, S. T. Fife, & C. M. Peterson (Eds.), Techniques for the couple therapist: Essential interventions from the experts (pp. 105-108). New York: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Stoppelbein, L., McRae, E., & Greening, L. (2017). A longitudinal study of hardiness as a buffer for posttraumatic stress symptoms in mothers of children with cancer. Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology, 5(2), 149-160.

Grych, J. H., & Fincham, F. D. (1993). Children's appraisals of marital conflict: Initial investigations of the cognitive-contextual framework.
Child Development, 64(1), p. 215.

Grotberg, E. (2009). The sources of resilience. Head Start Bulletin, p. 33.

Kelly, J. B. (2012). Risk and protective factors associated with child and adolescent adjustment following separation and divorce: Social science applications. In K. Kuehnle & L. Drozd (Eds.), Parenting plan evaluations: Applied research for the family court,  p. 49

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APA (American Psychological Association). 2011. Resilience Guide for Parents
and Teachers.
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Barnes, A. J. (2016). Childhood stress and resilience. In M. R. Korin (Ed.), Health  promotion for children and adolescents (pp. 85-98). http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-7711-3_5

Kasehagen, L., Omland, L., Bailey, M., Biss, C., Holmes, B., & Kelso, P. T. (2017). Relationship of adverse family experiences to resilience and school engagement among Vermont youth. Maternal and Child Health Journal. Advance online publication.

Thompson, N. J., Fiorillo, D., Rothbaum, B. O., Ressler, K. J., & Michopoulos, V. (2018). Coping strategies as mediators in relation to resilience and posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Affective Disorders, 225, 153-159. p. 154

Masten, A. S. (2014). Global perspectives on resilience in children and youth. Child Development, 85(1), p. 9

Bennett, K. (2015). Emotional and personal resilience through life. British Office of Government for Science. 

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Carnes, S., & Crenshaw, D. A. (2015). The dance of resilience and attachment in high-risk mother-infant relationships. In D. A. Crenshaw, R. Brooks, & S. Goldstein (Eds.), Creative arts and play therapy. Play therapy interventions to enhance resilience (pp. 194-217). New York: Guilford Press.

Mikulincer, M., & Shaver, P. R. (2014). An attachment perspective on resilience to stress and trauma. In M. Kent, M. C. Davis, & J. W. Reich (Eds.), The resilience handbook: Approaches to stress and trauma (pp. 156-168).  New York: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Mikulincer, M., Shaver, P. R., & Solomon, Z. (2015). An attachment perspective on traumatic and posttraumatic reactions. In M. P. Safir, H. S. Wallach, & A. "S." Rizzo (Eds.), Future directions in post-traumatic stress disorder: Prevention, diagnosis, and treatment (pp. 79-96).

Waters, H. S., & Waters, E. (2006). The attachment working models concept: Among other things, we build script-Iike representations of secure base experiences. Attachment and Human Development, 8 , 185–198.

Rutter, M. (2012) Resilience as a dynamic concept.  Development and psychopathology 24, 341

Bonanno, G.A., 2004. Loss, trauma, and human resilience: have we underestimated the human capacity to thrive after extremely aversive events? Am. Psychol. 59 (1), 20–28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066x.59.1.20.

Garber, Benjamin D. (2015). The Roadmap to The Parenting Plan Worksheet. Unhooked Media.

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Austin, W. G. (2015). Child custody evaluation and relocation: Part II: Options for a systematic approach to forensic evaluation, American Journal of Family Law, 29, 207–223. Retrieved September 7, 2016, from www.child-custody-services.com

Garber, Benjamin D. (2004). Parental alienation in light of attachment theory: Consideration of the broader implications for child development, clinical practice and forensic process. Journal of Child Custody, 1(4), 49-76.

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Garber, Benjamin D. (2004). Therapist alienation: Foreseeing and forestalling dynamics undermining therapies with children. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 35(4) 357-363.

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Bala, N. & Birnbaum, R. (2010) Judges Should meet kids more often. Lawyers Weekly, July 2, 2010.

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Trauma-informed practice and policy:
Other citations that may be of interest:

Ardino, V. (2014). Trauma-informed care: Is cultural competence a viable solution for efficient policy strategies? Clinical Neuropsychiatry: Journal of Treatment Evaluation, 11(1), 45-51.

Azeem, M. W., Aujla, A., Rammerth, M., Binsfeld, G., & Jones, R. B. (2011). Effectiveness of six core strategies based on trauma informed care in reducing seclusions and restraints at a child and adolescent psychiatric hospital. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 24(1), 11-15.

Baker, C. N., Brown, S. M., Wilcox, P. D., Overstreet, S., & Arora, P. (2016). Development and psychometric evaluation of the Attitudes Related to Trauma-Informed Care (ARTIC) Scale. School Mental Health, 8(1), 61-76.

Becker-Blease, K. A. (2017). As the world becomes trauma–informed, work to do. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 18(2), 131-138.

Beidas, R. S., Adams, D. R., Kratz, H. E., Jackson, K., Berkowitz, S., Zinny, A., . . . Evans, A., Jr. (2016). Lessons learned while building a trauma-informed public behavioral health system in the City of Philadelphia. Evaluation and Program Planning, 59, 21-32.

Boel-Studt, S. M. (2015). A Quasi-experimental study of traumainformed psychiatric residential treatment for children and adolescents. Research on Social Work Practice, 1049731515614401.

Bowen, E. A., Murshid, N. S. (2016). Trauma-informed social policy: A conceptual framework for policy analysis and advocacy. American journal of public health, 106(2), 223-229.

Branson, C. E., Baetz, C. L., Horwitz, S. M., & Hoagwood, K. E. (2017). Trauma-informed juvenile justice systems: A systematic review of definitions and core components. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 9(6), 635-646.

Clawson, H. J., Salomon, A., Grace, L. G. (2007). Treating the hidden wounds: Trauma treatment and mental health recovery for victims of human trafficking: Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation Washington, DC.

DePrince, A., & Newman, E. (2011). Special issue editorial: The art and science of trauma-focused training and education. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 3(3), 213-214.

Gatz, M., Brown, V., Hennigan, K., Rechberger, E., O'Keefe, M., Rose, T., & Bjelajac, P. (2007). Effectiveness of an integrated, trauma-informed approach to treating women with co-occurring disorders and histories of trauma: The Los Angeles site experience. Journal of Community Psychology, 35(7), 863-878.

Greenwald, R., Siradas, L., Schmitt, T., Reslan, S., Fierle, J., & Sande, B. (2012). Implementing trauma-informed treatment for youth in a residential facility: First-year outcomes. Residential Treatment for Children & Youth, 29(2), 141-153.

Harris, M., & Fallot, R. D. (Eds.). (2001). New directions for mental health services. Using trauma theory to design service systems. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

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Further related reading:

Hopper, E. K., Bassuk, E. L., Olivet, J. (2010). Shelter from the storm: Trauma-informed care in homelessness services settings. The Open Health Services and Policy Journal, 3(2), 80-100.

Jarrett, V. L., Lhamon, C. (2016). Trauma-informed school discipline and preventing sexual assault. The White House.
Access resources here
Kelly, U., Boyd, M. A., Valente, S. M., & Czekanski, E. (2014). Trauma-informed care: Keeping mental health settings safe for veterans. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 35(6), 413-419.

Machtinger, E. L., Cuca, Y. P., Khanna, N., Rose, C. D., & Kimberg, L. S. (2015). From treatment to healing: The promise of trauma-informed primary care. Women's Health Issues, 25(3), 193-197.

Messina, N., & Grella, C. (2006). Childhood Trauma and Women's Health Outcomes in a California Prison Population. American Journal of Public Health, 96(10), 1842-1848.

Morrissey, J. P., Jackson, E. W., Ellis, A. R., Amaro, H., Brown, V. B., & Najavits, L. M. (2005). Twelve-month outcomes of trauma-informed interventions for women with co-occurring disorders. Psychiatric Services, 56(10), 1213-1222.

Perry, D. L., & Daniels, M. L. (2016). Implementing trauma—Informed practices in the school setting: A pilot study. School Mental Health, 8(1), 177-188.

Sorenson, S. B. (2002). Preventing traumatic stress: Public health approaches. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 15(1), 3-7.

Stein, B. D., Jaycox, L. H., Kataoka, S. H., Wong, M., Tu, W., Elliott, M. N., & Fink, A. (2003). A Mental Health Intervention for Schoolchildren Exposed to Violence: A Randomized Controlled Trial. JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, 290(5), 603-611.

Thoits, P. A. (2010). Stress and health: Major findings and policy implications. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 51(1, Suppl), S41-S53.

Walkley, M., & Cox, T. L. (2013). Building trauma-informed schools and communities. Children & Schools,
35(2), 123-126.

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For courts and judicial officers
For lawyers, attorneys and pro se
For Guardians ad
                        forensic family evaluators
Read more here

Ten Forms for Forensic Family Evaluation

Roadmap to the Parenting Plan Workbook

The HealthyParent's ABCs

Caveat lector