Judicial Officers Institute: What’s a
Do? Responding to Critical Family Issues
This institute will examine how to
best use experts to improve the quality of
judicial fact finding and orders in family law.
Participants will be updated on critical
research, theory and best practices in three
critical areas of family law:
(1) Child development and the
statutory concepts “maturity” and “the mature
minor” applicability to parenting rights and
the voice of the child, focusing on the when,
where, why and how-to of eliciting the child’s
thoughts and feelings; and
substance use, misuse, and addiction.
morning session will set the stage for an
interactive afternoon using case studies and
Hon. Ramona A. Gonzalez, Presiding Judge,
La Crosse, WI
Stephanie Tabashneck, PsyD, JD,
Alyson G. Jones, MA, RCC, Alyson Jones and Assoc.,
West Vancouver, BC, Canada
Benjamin D. Garber, PhD, Family Law Consulting,
These materials are provided for
educational purposes only.
Please do not distribute or allow persons not enrolled in
the seminar to access this page.
Access Dr. Garber's PowerPoint handout here:
Access Dr. Garber's publications here:
Select Citations and resources in order of
(Click on a selected resource to
learn more - some resources will require access
1. Obedience and Punishment Orientation. The
child/individual is good in order to avoid being
punished. If a person is punished, they must have done
2. Individualism and Exchange. At this stage,
children recognize that there is not just one right view
that is handed down by the authorities. Different
individuals have different viewpoints.
2 - Conventional morality
3. Good Interpersonal Relationships. The
child/individual is good in order to be seen as being
a good person by others. Therefore, answers relate to
the approval of others.
4. Maintaining the Social Order. The
child/individual becomes aware of the wider rules of
society, so judgments concern obeying the rules in
order to uphold the law and to avoid guilt.
Level 3 - Post-conventional
5. Social Contract and Individual Rights.
The child/individual becomes aware that while
rules/laws might exist for the good of the greatest
number, there are times when they will work against
the interest of particular individuals.
are not always clear-cut. For example, in Heinz’s
dilemma, the protection of life is more important than
breaking the law against stealing.
6. Universal Principles. People at this
stage have developed their own set of moral guidelines
which may or may not fit the law. The principles apply
rights, justice, and equality. The person will be
prepared to act to defend these principles even if it
means going against the rest of society in the process
and having to pay the consequences of disapproval and
or imprisonment. Kohlberg doubted few people reached
mistrust is the first stage in Erik Erikson's theory of
psychosocial development. This stage begins at birth
continues to approximately 18 months of age. During this
stage, the infant is uncertain about the world in which
they live, and looks towards their primary caregiver for
stability and consistency of care.
Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
versus shame and doubt is the second stage of Erik
Erikson's stages of psychosocial development. This stage
occurs between the ages of 18 months to approximately 3
years. According to Erikson, children at this stage are
focused on developing a sense of personal control over
physical skills and a sense of independence.
3. Initiative vs. Guilt
versus guilt is the third stage of Erik Erikson's
theory of psychosocial development. During the
initiative versus guilt stage, children assert
themselves more frequently.
4. Industry vs. Inferiourity
fourth psychosocial crisis, involving industry
(competence) vs. inferiourity occurs during childhood
between the ages of five and twelve.
5. Identity vs. Role Confusion
fifth stage of Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial
development is identity vs. role confusion, and it
occurs during adolescence, from about 12-18 years.
During this stage, adolescents search for a sense of
self and personal identity, through an intense
exploration of personal values, beliefs, and goals.
6. Intimacy vs. Isolation
versus isolation is the sixth stage of Erik Erikson's
theory of psychosocial development. This stage takes
place during young adulthood between the ages of
approximately 18 to 40 yrs.
7. Generativity vs. Stagnation
versus stagnation is the seventh of eight stages of
Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development.
This stage takes place during during middle adulthood
(ages 40 to 65 yrs).
8. Ego Integrity vs. Despair
Ego integrity versus
despair is the eighth and final stage of Erik
Erikson’s stage theory of psychosocial development.
This stage begins at approximately age 65 and ends at
death. It is during this time that we contemplate our
accomplishments and can develop integrity if we see
ourselves as leading a successful life.